Welcome to National Agricultural Research and Innovation Centre
National Agricultural Research and Innovation Center, NARIC was founded by the governmental act 1476 (VII.24.), on January 1, 2014. An integrated, single legal entity was established from the fragmented and ill-proportioned sectoral governmental RDI capacities (13 research institutes in the field of agriculture and food science), where the institutes keep their professional autonomy as separate organizational units and their financial management is carried out on a high level of independence.
The institutes integrated by NARIC conduct high-quality basic and applied research and development activities related to plant and animal biotechnology/genetics, animal breeding, reproduction and nutrition, aquaculture and fisheries, food and meat science, plant and vegetable production, viticulture and enology, forest research and management, climate change and biodiversity, agroenvironmental research and technologies, and agricultural engineering.
The organisation, by employing nearly 200 researchers, is of significant size even at international level. It is able to join the world’s scientific circulation and increase the recognition of Hungarian agricultural research.
The main public tasks of NARIC are the following:
- developing and executing practice-oriented programmes contributing to the increase and sustainable development of the competitiveness of Hungarian agroeconomy;
- analyzing and evaluating the relations of agricultural production processes and environment, with special regard to the effects of climate change;
- participating in the research, maintenance and further development of biological bases;
- supplying producers with high quality, pathogen-free propagation materials;
- developing control methods, with special regard to the examination of the origin and quality of basic materials and foodstuff;
- performing duration experiments, running monitoring systems, maintaining databases;
- supporting the dissemination and use of up-to-date production methods by providing advisory and information services, in cooperation with professional bodies;
- giving technical support to the national institutions providing education, training in agriculture and food industry;
- maintaining contact with national, foreign and international institutions, with special regard to the research institutes of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, the Hungarian higher education institutions and the scientific organisations of the European Union;
- assisting the propagation of healthy nutrition among Hungarian population.
- The activities of NARIC include:
- preserving the genetic diversity of Hungarian agriculture, widening and continuously developing the genetic resources of agricultural production, looking for new utilization possibilities; developing production methods for the effective utilization of genetic potential;
- performing physiological, genetic and molecular biology research directed at the biological background of agricultural research; population level examinations;
- developing methods for producing pathogen-free propagation materials, researching micropropagation technologies; establishing and maintaining stock plantations, ensuring background conditions for the production of high quality propagation materials;
- performing reproductive biology examinations to increase the effectivity of artificial insemination;
- developing local technologies for the production of new field, horticultural and forestry plant species and breeds;
- developing cost-effective, environment-friendly horticultural (viticultural), plant production, forestry, fisheries and animal breeding production technologies adjusted to the local natural and biological characteristics of agrarian production;
- developing technological recommendations for mitigating the environmental load of agroeconomy and decreasing harmful emissions;
- researching solutions facilitating the degradation of materials endangering environment and health (e.g., insecticide residues, toxins, etc.);
- developing nutrient and fertilizer application systems, with special regard to protecting the condition of soil, surface and ground water;
- researching water and energy saving irrigation solutions, examining and analyzing the agricultural treatment of inland waters, studying the recycling possibilities for liquid manure, wastewater and other liquid wastes and byproducts;
- studying the technological questions of production systems with low investment cost;
- supporting the optimization of mechanotronic appropriations, decreasing specific energy consumption;
- researching and developing up-to-date, energy, water and raw material processing technologies, promoting their utilization;
- researching environment friendly cultivation methods and production technologies protecting the soil status, performing examinations to lessen the mechnotronic loading of the soil;
- performing research to forecast the effects of climate change and mitigate unfavourable consequences;
- promoting the wide application of renewable energy sources, developing energy saving solutions;
- developing up-to-date analytical methods, with special regard to the assertion of the demands of source protection, lineage control, quality certification, environmental safety and customer protection; developing a quality assurance toolkit;
- developing exportable products wich give high level answers to consumer needs, demands, researching consumer behaviour;
- performing research supporting the production of safe foodstuff based on Hungarian commodities, helping the healthy nutrition of the population and having favourable price-value rate; developing and testing innovative solutions;
- developing food processing solutions usable by local producers;
- applied research assisting the development of Hungarian enology;
- performing examinations to assist forecasting the effect of freshly consumed products and processed food on health status; studies related to nutrition;
- performing reseach directed at the decrease of additives and supplementary materials used in food and feed;
- researching feeding methods suitable to produce high quality animal products, performing experiments to influence nutritive value;
- providing consultancy, performing laboratory tests;
- participating in education and training activities, organizing technical shows and information events;
- performing analyses supporting legislation and regularization, performing impact assessment, preparing impact reports;
handling technical data bases supporting sectoral administration, decision making; participating in the management of site cadastre.
- NARIC Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (ABC)
- NARIC Agro-Environmental Research Institute (AERI)
- NARIC Research Institute for Animal Breeding, Nutrition and Meat Science (ATK)
- NARIC Forest Research Institute (ERTI)
- NARIC Fruitculture Research Institute (FRI)
- NARIC Food Science Research Institute (FSRI)
- NARIC Research Institute for Fisheries and Aquaculture (HAKI)
- NARIC Institute of Agricultural Engineering (MGI)
- NARIC Research Institute for Viticulture and Enology (RIVE)
- NARIC Research Department of Irrigation and Water Management (ÖVKI)
- NARIC Vegetable Crop Research Department (VCRD)
The Agricultural Biotechnology Center was founded by the Ministry of Agriculture in 1989. Today, ABC is the largest institute of NARIC. It has state of the art technical facilities, with an overall laboratory area of 4000 m2, a greenhouse (800 m2), and animal houses for small laboratory animals.
ABC represents the largest and most important group of scientists in the plant and animal biotechnology field in Hungary. ABC’s mission is to perform high quality research (basic and applied) on plant and animal, developments, breeding and modern environmental technologies. It has three sections-departments and a central service unit.
The Animal Biotechnology Section is composed of three research groups. Researchers in this section play eminent role in adapting novel transgenic technologies and creating rabbit models. In collaboration with Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary mouse and rabbit models with enhanced immune response have been created and are protected by a European patent. A small group focuses on the genome wide polymorphisms with functional importance in ruminants. Exploration of these variabilities can accelerate livestock genetic improvement for milk and meat production. The third group performs transcriptome analysis and functional characterization of rabbit pluripotent stem cells.
The Plant Biotechnology Section has five research groups. Main topics are: molecular aspects of plant-virus interaction focusing on the role of the RNA silencing related small RNAs; role of small RNAs in plant development and their involvement in ambient temperature sensing and response; improving the stress tolerance of potato. One group is focusing on the monocot and dicot crop plants as well as on the establishment of fungus and virus resistance based on molecular genetics.
In the Genetic Section most projects are focusing on the molecular basis of host-microbe interactions including host-pathogen (apple-bacteria Erwinia, chicken-bacteria Salmonella, pig-bacteria E.coli, pepper-bacteria Xanthomonas, pepper-eelworms Meloidogyne, alfalfa-fungi Fusarium, pepper-virus TSWV) and host-symbiontic microbe (Medicago sp. -rhizobia (Sinorhizobium sp.),) interactions. The section also analyse the role of nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD), a conserved eukaryotic quality control system in plant defense. The newly established Microbial Genomic Group, in collaboration with other NARIC Institutes, works to improve profitable milk production using genomic tools, study of biodegration in compost for the development of lignocellulose-based biotechnological methods and vine production in the Badacsony region using novel yeast starter cultures.
The Agricultural Genomics and Bioinformatics Group provides general bioinformatics and genomics services for the ABC. In the frame of an EU supported project genomics and functional genomics methods were adapted to examine the genome of the traditional Hungarian pig mangalica. The Diagnostic group carries on viral diagnostic research and investigation in grapevine cultivars. The Plant tissue culture group produces homozygous doubled haploid (DH) pepper lines by in vitro anther culture and performs tissue culture and micropropagation of pepper and apple.
ABC is devoted to train up scientists of the next generation. The researchers supervise undergraduate students from 2 Hungarian universities. Senior scientists are involved in the B.Sc, M.Sc and Ph.D. educational programs of several Hungarian universities (SZIU, ELTE, SE, BCE) and supervise PhD students.
The predecessor of the institute is one of the first institutions of Hungarian agricultural research: the National Phylloxera Research Station founded in 1880 (later Royal Hungarian State Entomological Station) and the Royal Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Botany and Ampelology established in 1917. The legal predecessor of AERI, Canning Meat and Refrigeration Research Institute (KOHIKI), was established on the present campus in 1949, from which, after the spin-off of certain departments as independent branch research institutes at new sites, the Central Food Research Institute was founded in 1959. Upon the expansion of the scientific profile, privatization of the domestic food industry and transition of governmental financing, the Hungarian name of the institute has been modified later on two occasions. It was changed in 2001 to emphasize the increasing role of food science. The profile of the institute significantly broadened in 2011, and reflecting the „from field to table” concept of the EU, research on food science expanded to cover environmental safety aspects as well, manifested in the name of the institute which was changed to Central Environmental and Food Science Research Institute in 2012. A new Division of Agro-Environmental Safety was formed, mainly by former researchers of the Plant Protection Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (legal successor of the Royal Hungarian State Entomological Station), covering environmental analysis, ecotoxicology and microbiology in its activities. Agro-Environmental Research Institute (AERI), as a member of NARIC was created from this division in 2014.
AERI undertook the task of the development of new techniques for detection, monitoring and reduction of the risk factors of agrochemical and agricultural genetic technologies, as well as identification of risk factors of not yet assessed technological processes. The establishment of the scientific basis of the moratorium on cultivation of genetically modified (GM) maize MON 810, implemented by several EU member states, is of particular importance within the activities of the predecessor of AERI. Current research activities include: (i) analysis of authorization of pesticides and GM crops in Europe; (ii) The effects of Bt maize reaching surface water habitats on aquatic organisms (invertebrates and vertebrates); (iii) Survey of the inheritance of cry genes, their expression in hybrid varieties and effects of random cross-pollination; (iv) Development and application of analytical methods for detection of Cry toxin proteins; (v) Assessment of (bio)chemical and biological main and side-effects of organic microcontaminants of agricultural and other origin, their determination and monitoring in environmental and biological samples; (vi) Agro-environmental safety assessment of microbial decomposition of organic microcontaminants; (vii) Genomic, proteomic and microbiological investigation on compost as a „virtual organism” for the development of lignocellulose-based biotechnological methods.
AERI is composed of three research units, the Department of Environmental Analysis, the Department of Environmental and Applied Microbiology and the Department of Ecotoxicology. The researchers play active role in the scientific community (running the GMO Roundtable of the Agricultural Committee of the Hungarian Parliament; hosting of the Hungarian Association of Ecotoxicology; editing the scientific periodical Biokontroll), in higher education (operating the extension Department of Ecotoxicology of Szent István University (SzIE); primary membership in PhD Schools in environmental sciences at Eötvös Loránd University and SzIE), and in governmental tasks.
Activities of ATK could be divided to four main territories:
- basic and applied research, development of domestic animal breeding (traditional breeding technology, biotechnology)
- basic and applied research, development of animal nutrition, feeding technology (nutrition physiology research)
- multidiscipline research (environment protection, animal welfare, human dietetic research)
- national and regional extension service
Predecessor of ATK, the Royal Experimental Station for Animal Physiology and Nutrition was established in 1896 by the Ministry of Agriculture. In 1949 it became the Research Institute for Animal Breeding and from 2014 joined NARIC.
ATK has significant role in the Hungarian breeding and nutrition research. Numerous scientific results utilized in daily practice prove the expertise and dedication of its researchers.
Instrumentation of ATK is mostly good. Beside the laboratories experimental farms, i.e. a metabolic unit, beef cattle, sheep, pig, cheese factory, feed mill and slaughter house are ensuring excellent conditions for high level research programs with the technology permanently upgraded. These units incorporate a background which could be hardly found in Europe for the in vivo studies, giving the basis for international collaborations. The facilities were recently completed by the George Berci Surgical Training Center, in cooperation with the Budapest medical school Semmelweis University. The National Swine Fattening Control Station was opened in 2014 to improve market positions of the drastically reduced population of Hungarian pig breeds.
One of the main priorities of ATK is the preservation of indigenous Hungarian domestic animals. The institute’s definite intention is to increase their economic potential by using and strengthening their presentation in multifunctional agriculture and image of Hungary.
Beside the research work, the qualified colleagues take part in the preparation of agricultural legislation, as well as in graduate and postgraduate education of agricultural faculties. The extension service is also a cornerstone among the activities. Some of these activities are nowadays growing to regional development programs. ATK is running projects in these fields in some countries of the 3rd world.
The main characteristics of multilateral activities are the complex approach and grasping actualities. ATK is closely collaborating with agricultural companies in outlining scientific problems, preparing applications and running experiments thus we do not miss the demands of practice. The institute cooperates with institutions of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and universities.
ATK has world-wide international collaborations. Most of these are located in Europe and in Far Eastern countries in the frame of different EU and bilateral programs or other international projects.
Scientific work is carried out in two departments: Dept. of Animal Breeding and Dept. of Animal Nutrition and the Experimental Farm. Each research group is under the supervision of senior scientists. ATK researchers publish cc. 25 to 40 reviewed papers in scientific journals every year and the colleagues present numerous lectures at scientific and other meetings. Many articles are published in non scientific, agricultural journals, as well.
ERTI has a 115 year-old experience in the researche related to forest management and tree breeding. Six stations belong to the Institute in Sárvár, Budapest, Mátrafüred, Püspökladány, Sopron and Szombathely. It manages three arboretums and an ecocamp.
Research can strengthen the competitiveness and the development of the sector in two ways. On the one hand, the available intellectual and material resources should be focused on key areas, and on the other hand, research activities should be coordinated. The results of forest research have already proved that by means of sustainable forest management we can increase not only the value of forests that can be expressed in natural objects but also their adaptability and their other amenities. Professionally managed forests are more resistant to unfavorable environmental impacts, provide more and better quality timber, moreover, they are more suitable for performing welfare and recreational functions. The key task of forest research is the investigation of the ecological relations, evolution and growth, that is, the internal laws of the forest in order to determine the proper ways of disturbance. The permanent expansion of the many-sided role of the forest, the degradation of forest health condition observed in recent decades, changes of environmental conditions. The Forest Research Institute carries on its observations and experiments in so-called "forest laboratories", a country-wide sustainability network comprising hundreds of plots, at its experimental stations, and in the ecological and genetic laboratories operating at these stations. Besides, it has also an outstanding contribution to the maintenance of forest gene collections.
The basic activity of the ERTI is doing research but it also has expertise, equipment, plant material produced as a result of research that can be further utilized or marketed. Water, soil and biomass analysis performed in the ecological laboratory facilitate first of all research but we also have marketable capacity in the field of soil analysis and soil consultancy. Besides breeding and genetic conservation, seedlings and cuttings are produced. ERTI shares its knowledge with foresters about growing techniques, economic evaluation, and forest protection in professional meetings and exhibitions.
Main research topics:
Climate change, potential impacts and appropriate responses:
- Assessment of the unfavorable impacts of climate change on the environment and on the forest management, elaboration of silvicultural alternatives for their mitigation (improving growing technologies, preparation for their change etc).
- Analysis of the forest carbon budget, investigation of its relation to forestation and silviculture.
- Working out adaptation strategies and managing methods, technologies serving the purpose of genetically sustainable high quality timber production.
- Improvement of drought tolerant varieties that are resistant to emerging biotic pests.
Improvement of management methods based on natural processes:
- Development of natural silvicultural methods, definition of their extended fields of application.
- Development and extension of techniques ensuring continuous forest cover.
- Definition of the economic conditions for natural forest management
Activities in connection with the establishment and utilization of energy plantations
- Improvement of varieties suitable for planting high-yield energy crops, for safe cultivation among home site conditions, and resistant to disease.
- Development of growing technology for energy plantations, clarification of ecological (nutrient exchange) problems and those of plant protection in relation to sustainability
Solid biomass product line optimization.
NARIC FRI is the legal successor of Research Stations located in Budapest, Érd, Cegléd and Fertőd of the Horticultural Research Institute’s Fruit Growing Department founded in 1950.
Main activities of FRI are to breed and naturalise stone fruit, shell fruit, soft fruit species and rootstocks, as well as to adapt orchard systems among Hungarian climate conditions, and to examine fruit sites for the new orchards. The main breeding aims are production safety, increasing tolerance / resistance to diseases and pests and to produce fruits having outstanding taste, aroma and market value. The breeding programs started at the time of the Institute’s foundation are helped by biotechnological laboratories and ex-situ gene bank collections, where more thousands of accessions collected from the Carpatian Basin are maintained. As results of the breeding work, 25 sweet cherry cultivars, 12 tart cherry cultivars, 20 apricot cultivars, 8 European plum cultivars, 8 Persian walnut cultivars, 6 almond cultivars, 6 European chestnut cultivars, 2 hazelnut cultivars, 10 strawberry cultivars, 7 raspberry cultivars, 4 blackberry cultivars, 2 black and 2 red currant cultivars and 1 black chokeberry cultivars as well as 20 rootstock cultivars have been registered on the National Variety List. Furthermore, value of the breeding work is increased by nine cultivars patented in the European Union and other four cultivars in Hungary.
The activity of the Fertőd station covers the breeding and maintenance of genetic stocks and the creation of the super elite propagation material of the following species: strawberry, raspberry, blackberry, black currant, red currant, elderberry and rowan berry. As a result of the breeding work, the institute has 17 recognized varieties and 33 acclimatized ones. For almost each soft fruit species a virusfree propagation technology of meristem culture with heat treatment was developed. With a view to improving the efficiency of development work, in vitro methods are applied like embryo cultures or the induction of polyploids or mutants, and experiments are run to create transgenic strawberry and raspberry not sensitive to fungal diseases.
The Department of Floriculture runs comparative studies of annual flower species propagated by seeds and rose cultivars. There are approx. 110 registered annual flower cultivars and 229 rose cultivars originating from the Institute’s breeding program.
The results of the researchers are disseminated at the growers’ meetings several times yearly. The researchers participate in the Hungarian and international scientific life actively, they publish their results in scientific books, newspapers and magazines for growers.
FRI has strong relationships with research institutes and companies in all countries having important fruit production in the European Union, as well as in the United States of America, Chile, Croatia, China and Japan.
Food Science Research Institute originally was established in 1959 to carry out research and development in the field of the food industry, as well as to provide data and information on food technologies and food safety.
FSRI constitutes a bridge between food manufacturers and the consumers by the implementation of well-tailored and extensive basic and applied research in biology, chemistry, physics and technology. NARIC FSRI satisfies the consumers’ demands of the modern society as it provides scientific results on food safety and food origin, as well as takes part in the development of new, healthy foodstuffs and novel special technologies. Monitoring of food safety and composition is assisted by state-of-the-art (bio)analytical methods and devices.
Further major tasks of the institute are the assessment and classification of food raw materials and food products, development of novel, considerate technologies and preservation methods. FSRI’s aim is to strengthen food safety procedures with new methods, setting up complex data bases and detect contamination. In the food chain not only quality assurance is important, risk management, risk communication and consumers’ information to protect their health are also essential.
The institute has important role in undergraduate education at universities and in technical training, as well as in post-graduate education.
- Department of Biology
- Department of Food Analysis
- Department of Food Technology and Food Chain Survey
- Department of Nutritional Sciences and Physiology
- Center of Innovation and Project Activities
Research service activities
- elaboration of new functional foodstuffs of high added value,
- optimisation of special technologies, development of novel food processing methods,
- revealing ways and extent of biological utilisation of biomolecules,
- providing scientific arguments for guaranteed human benefits of studied compounds and functional foodstuffs,
- implementation of model studies on impact of healthy foodstuffs,
- organisation of human clinical trials on impact of healthy foodstuffs,
- investigation of intrinsic and unique analytical parameters of foodstuffs,
- development of new analytical methods for determining chemical and biological components of foodstuffs,
- evaluation of chemical and biological risk factors,
- setting up food analytical and food safety database,
- development of novel tools for origin protection,
- study of novel, moderate food processing and preservation technologies,
- improvement of consumer’s consciousness by public surveys.
HAKI was established in 1953 at Szarvas. The institute was upgraded in the frame of an FAO/UNDP programme between 1975 and 1980, and became an internationally acknowledged research and training centre. It joined NARIC in 2014.
The institute is implementing a multidisciplinary research work, to provide scientific basis for the development of various fish culture technologies, and for the proper use and protection of the aquatic environment. The three major fields of research are: aquaculture, aquatic ecology and fish biology. The research work is carried out in the frame of specific projects such as: fish genetics and gene bank maintenance; management and restoration of aquatic ecosystems; structure and function of integrated aquaculture systems; fish feeding and feed technologies; fish biomonitoring and environmental friendly prevention; fisheries management of natural waters; and the development of water saving fish production systems.
The scientific work is closely related to the development of sustainable fish production systems, and aquatic ecosystem management. The scientists of the institute are actively involved in various aquaculture and fisheries development programmes in the frame of national and international projects through consultancies, extension services, and training, but the institute also provides laboratory services, and high value fish seed for these projects.
HAKI is an important contributor to the development of the Hungarian aquaculture sector through the implementation of applied research work under national and European research projects (e.g. Sustainaqua, Aquamax, Arraina, Aquaexcel, Aquaredpot) and also through transfer of results to the practice through extension work, conferences, expert consultations and training programs.
HAKI’s main research philosophy is to link science to practical application, thus research programmes are focusing on new challenges that aquaculture and fisheries are facing recently: the scarcity of water (the increasing competition among water users); the better use of water resources and the protection of the environment; the development of human nutrition; the improvement of food security; the protection of gene reserves; and fostering of professional traditions.
The experience of the institute covers a wide geographical area on global scale. HAKI has been involved numerous aquaculture and fisheries development projects in Asia, with special regard to Vietnam and Laos. The institute provided training programmes regularly for professionals from this region in the frame of bilateral and FAO programmes, and carried out consultancies in reservoir fisheries, integrated fish farming, aquaculture engineering, fish breeding, hatchery management and fish health management. As a result of close collaboration with partner companies, HAKI also supplies breeding materials to international aquaculture development projects.
The institute is playing an active role in the development of relationship among Eastern and Western European institutions in fisheries and aquaculture.
Besides the annual "Scientific Days", which is the most important professional forum in aquaculture and fisheries in Hungary since 1975, HAKI regularly organises national and international conferences, seminars and workshops.
MGI’s strategic aim is the realization of sustainable, marketing conscious rural development through enlarging environmental resources. By performing value in use tests (technological) of machines and measuring various environmental characteristics by means of remote sensing applications the tactical aims are to carry out research and developments that integrate other scientific areas to result in competitive products and services and also serve the commonwealth and the rural prosperity. The rapid and effective dissemination of technological information to the growers and decision-makers has also an important role.
MGI has accredited laboratoriesfor agricultural field tests, for renewable energy and for plant protection machinery. All activities are controlled by quality assurance system ISO 9001.
Main research areas:
- Economic research of mechanization, evaluations
- Market conscious development of harvesting technologies in field
- Environmental soil tillage technologies
- Research and development of agricultural remote sensing technologies
- Certification of plant protection machines upon the regulations of Ministry of Rural Development 43/2010. (IV. 23.) FVM and 63/2012. (VII. 2.) VM
- Research of agricultural energy management, development of new devices, instruments and technologies to facilitate the utilization of renewable energies
- Field and laboratory tractor tests to improve the efficiency
- Research of tyre- soil- tractor- implement interaction
- Development and adaptation of animal husbandry and fodder processing technologies adjusted to the various plant sizes
- Processing and storing of grain feed, research of fodder-mix production equipment and technologies
- Processing and storing of forages and roughages, furthermore agricultural by-products, research of methods, procedures and technologies. Research and development of technical and foddering aspects of silage production
- Endurance tests on torture tracks, dynamic loads and fracture analysis
- Research of low GHG emission manure processing technologies
- Technical basic researches, interrelations, process modelling, injury test
With its research results and suggestions MGI works to reach all agricultural growers as a National technical consultant centre.
The institute organizes numerous professional programmes, exhibitions and prepares the following publications:
- Reports of machine testing
- Proceedings of recommended technologies
- The monthly periodical “Agricultural Engineering”
- The “Hungarian Agricultural Engineering”, an publication of our research results in English language
- The “Studies in Agricultural Mechanization” periodic
MGI Books– new series of books for researchers and producers
RIVE is the successor of the Central Viticultural Experimental Station and Amelological Institute founded in 1896, as one of the first viticultural and enological research stations in Europe. From 2014, it is functioning with two stations (at Badacsony and Kecskemét) as the part of NARIC.
RIVE is dedicated to provide background for the grape and wine sector in every professional and scientific field, by the help of the research and development activities, innovation, consultation and education, from the primary research to the end of the innovation chain.
The Institute performs research, consultation and educational activities in all of the three disciplines of the sector – viticulture, enology and economy. It takes part in international, national and local R+D projects and cooperates with several research, academic and professional organizations.
The researchers of the institute take part in the national and international primary, secondary and academic education programmes, guiding courses and trainings. The institute also gives opportunity for PhD students to take part in its ongoing research activities, and provides place for practice.
The accredited laboratory of the institute carries out the analysis of soil and plant samples, enological products. The analytical analyses provided for grape growers and vineries, and the accompanying consultation, are also very important activities of the institute.
RIVE operates a Technical Advisory Centre for local wine producers.
Main research topics:
- Variety value research of the perspective winegrape varieties of the Balaton and Duna Wine Regions.
- Development of environment-friendly and extreme weather conditions adaptable soil fertility management and nutrient supply methods.
- Complex methods to make grapevine stocks pathogen-free
- Analysis of the variety value of new table grape varieties
- Reduction of the susceptibility of grapevine to crown gall disease by combined application of conventional and molecular methods
- Preservation, development and genetic analysis of genetic bank materials related to viticulture
- Clonal selection and cross breeding of the grapevine
- Optimization of the enological technology (processing, fermentation, ageing) of the typical grapevine varieties of the Badacsony wine district
- Analysis of training systems, pruning systems, and special fitotechnical methods for the production of high quality (high value-added) wines and everyday (low-cost) wines.
- Complex development, analysis of the regional geographical indication systems, product specifications and cadastre ecology for vine
- Establishment of rootstock and noble grape plantations for the production of pre-base and base virus-tested propagation materials.
NARIC ÖVKI was founded in 2014 through the separation of research activities of the former Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation (HAKI). The aims of ÖVKI are the revitalization of prior high-level Hungarian research programmes and starting up-to-date research and innovation projects in the field of agricultural water management, irrigation and rice breeding. The most important parts of activities are the conservation and improvement of water quality and quantity and the enhancement of efficient using of water resources accessible for agriculture.
Agricultural Water Management R&D&I
- research for reduction of the negative impacts of climate change;
- research on adaptation possibilities to extreme hydrological events;
- research on the Hungarian irrigation status and potential development;
- complex research on excess water management, assessment of excess water hazard (GIS-based), land use development possibilities;
- defining the role of agricultural water management in environmental protection, nature conservation and socio-economy;
- evaluation of positive and negative external effects of agricultural water management;
- research on the relationship between EU WFD and agricultural water management;
- research of the role of agricultural water management on wetlands in maintaining the context of ecosystem services;
- research on the possibilities of recycling water for agricultural use.
Irrigation Management R&D&I
The aim of the research programme is to provide scientific background for the sustainable use of water resources in Hungarian agriculture, to develop more effective and eco-friendly production technologies and to decrease the damaging impacts of climate change. In accord with the Hungarian Agricultural Strategy, the main areas of research are:
- effective utilization of plant-based irrigation technologies (cereal crops, plantations);
- development of new technologies of water-saving irrigation techniques;
- investigation of nutrient cycles in the plant-soil-water system;
- unravelling the accumulation of toxic elements in the agro-ecosystem;
- research on agricultural originated waste water usage for irrigation in energy plantations.
Rice Production and Breeding R&D&I
Rice (Oryza sativa L.) and wild rice (Zizania aquatica) as a special part of Hungarian irrigation sector have special attention in the institute’s research via developing sustainable production technologies and genetic background:
- breeding and maintaining a gene bank of rice and wild rice;
- research on abiotic (cold, drought) and biotic (blast disease, white tip disease) stress tolerance of rice;
- development of production technologies, especially organic rice-rice-fish co-culture;
- investigation of positive and negative impacts of rice production on the environment (water treatment, wild birds);
- development of high-quality food products.
NARIC VCRD was established on 1st January 2014 with three research stations. Two of them (at Kalocsa and Szeged) are successors of the former Red Pepper Research and Development Public Benefic Company performing red pepper breeding and technology development. The two projects of the Kecskemét Station - onion and tomato breeding – are the continuation of the work started at the Vegetable Crops Research Institute Corporation and Makó Onion Research Station. The world famous red pepper and Makói onion are essential parts of the traditional Hungarian cuisine, are important exort products and well known Hungarian trade names.
The fundamental duty of VCRD pepper research stations is paprika plant breeding and supplying farmers with bred seeds. Main activities also involve the development of professional production, and providing farmers with processing expertise, as well as to educate them with the help of technical publications, so that they can produce more qualified and exportable end-product.
Due to the successful developments of the institute’s pepper breeders, the home production is based on Hungarian-bred varieties. At present the main goals of variety improvement are high productivity, yield stability, high pigment and capsaicin content, earliness and resistance to the dominant diseases. The 17 OP and 4 hybrids bred at these stations provide a wide variety of cultivars for the Hungarian red pepper production. The latest issues provide resistance to Xanthomonas bacteria. In the new projects the selection for further disease resistance involving DH lines and new sources of resistance, as well as improvement of intensive technologies in the field and under plastic are targeted. The main R&D tasks presently are: screening genetic resources, elaboration of sustainable, fertigation and irrigation technologies, harvesting and curing technologies. Laboratory tests of quality parameters, development of packaging technology and product follow-up systems are also important parts of the work.
The world famous Makói onion trade mark is based on the varieties developed by the former Makó Onion Reserch Station. These varieties are characterized by high dry matter and aromatic compounds with long storability. The markets are interested in high quality Makói onions, however, the low rentability of traditional two-year growing technology and relatively low yield resulted in the reduction of Makói type onion production. The aim of the breeding project is to improve the production by developing Makói type hibrids with higher yield, keeping the spicy flavour with reasonable dry matter and better storability.
The Kecskemét tomato breeding station has been fulfilling the needs of domestic processors with excellent varieties up to the end of 1980th. By the millennium the production declined parallel with the reduction of processing capacity, while the use of modern hybrids became general. Recently the government decided to promote the development of processing capacity that requires high yielding, disease resistant, machine harvested hibrids. In its breeding project the institute wants to contribute to this need with stable yielding early and mid-early hybrids with excellent processing parameters.